WHAT CAUSES CROOKED TEETH?

 

 

  • Genetics
  • Childhood habits such as thumb sucking, tongue thrusting, pacifier use beyond age 3, and prolonged use of a bottle
  • Mouth breathing
  • Extra teeth, lost teeth, impacted teeth, or abnormally shaped teeth
  • Premature loss of baby teeth
  • Misalignment of jaw fractures after a severe injury
  • Hereditary
  • Small or narrow jaws/arch
  • Crossbites
  • Generally lack of space
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Terminology

causes
  • Malocclusion: Malocclusion is the official term for misalignment of your teeth and bite.
  • Retrognathism: A condition characterized by recession of one or both jaws.
  • Prognathism: An overly prominent jaw
  • Protrude: Extend beyond or above a surface/ to stick out
  • Crossbite: A dental condition in which the lower teeth are in front of the upper teeth
  • Donuts: Small elastics used to hold the wire on the brackets, these come in various colors
  • Archwire: Is a wire conforming to the dental arch that can be used with dental braces as a source of force in the positioning of teeth
  • Brackets: Also known as braces are devices used in orthodontics that align and straighten teeth.
  • Molar bands: Rings that are fitted around your back teeth (molars) when constructing a set of braces
  • Full Banding: The process of placing bracing braces on your teeth
  • Debanding: The process of removing braces from your teeth
  • Demineralization: Is a chemical process by which minerals (mainly Calcium) are removed from any of the hard tissues: enamel, dentine, and cementum

Class 1

Is the most common malocclusion. The bite is normal, but the upper teeth slightly overlap the lower teeth

class1
class1b

Class 2

Retrognathism or overbite, occurs when the upper jaw and teeth severely overlap the lower jaw and teeth

class2a
class2b

Class 3

Prognathism or underbite occurs when the lower jaw protrudes or juts forward, causing the lower jaw and teeth to overlap the upper jaw and teeth.

class3a
class3b

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